Plastic Ban in India – Must Know Points

Plastic Ban in India has been a recently trending topic which impacts both environment and economy. Hence, it is important to understand several nuances around the topic and be able to talk about it in a well informed manner. 

Plastic Ban in India

How Plastic Harms Environment

1. Difficult to Decompose
It takes 500-1000 years for plastic to decompose and hence it is a permanent pollutant. Plastics are composed of long-chain polymers of carbon and are developed from mostly petroleum products. Decomposition occurs when organisms like bacteria break down a cellular structure and feed on it. But the structure of plastics is not naturally occurring and thus organisms have not yet been evolved to be able to utilise its chemical composition and thus cannot be decomposed naturally.

The only method known so far to naturally decompose plastics is to leave it in open sunlight (UV rays). Daniel Burd, a student at Waterloo Collegiate Institute, recently demonstrated that certain types of bacteria can break down plastic. This is a breakthrough if the experiment can be replicated and would solve the problem to a certain extent. 

2. Forced Disposal Harmful
Plastic disposal is quite complicated as it cannot decompose and thus is very harmful if disposed off in landfills, where it just lies and fills space that could otherwise be constructively used. If it is left around on soil, it prevents seepage of water into the ground, providing breeding grounds for all sorts of disease-causing germs. If it is disposed off in water bodies, it eventually makes its way into the oceans where it affects the survival of marine organisms. Burning plastics releases toxins which cause air pollution and adds to the already vast amounts of particulates in the atmosphere. Basically, plastics cannot be disposed and need to be recycled.

3. Damages Wildlife
More than one million marine animals and birds are killed annually due to plastic wastes directly or indirectly. When plastics are washed away in oceans and decompose due to direct sunlight into smaller bits, they release toxic chemicals such as bisphenol A (BPA) and PS oligomer which end up in animal guts or ocean shorelines and come in contact with humans and affect their health too.

Further, plastics sometimes are directly consumed by fish and other marine animals and these animals either die due to entanglement of plastic components in organs and subsequent organ failures or the plastic ends up in their guts and enters the food chain. Sometimes, the plastics in landfills is consumed by birds and the birds suffer the same fate as fishes. Autopsies of dead fishes and birds have shown all forms of waste material being accumulated in their intestines.

4. Overuse
Global plastic demand stands in excess of 300 million tons every year. Every where we look, we see plastics. This over reliance on plastics has led to excess of it in dumpsters and landfills. Plastics are used to carry goods, in packaging material, in household products like food containers and water bottles, disposable utensils, electronics casings, insulations and almost everywhere.

5. Harmful Pollutant
Plastic pollution is seen in land, water, groundwater as well as in air. When plastics get buried underneath the soil, the groundwater gets affected as plastics release their toxins into the water and this water is then used by humans in households as well as in industries. Water pollution is seen when plastics make their way into water bodies and litter shores and ocean beds and further affect marine life. Plastic disposal in landfills affects the quality of soil due to seepage of toxins into the soil and further prevents water to soak into the soil and prevents replenishment of groundwater. When plastic is burned, toxins are released in the air.

6. Poisonous
Many plastic related toxins have also been found in humans. Polyvinyl chloride, or PVC, is widely known as the most toxic plastic for health and the environment. In its production, it releases dioxins, phthalates, vinyl chloride, ethylene dichloride, lead, cadmium and other toxic chemicals. Further, plastics have been proven to be carcinogenic (cancer causing), mutagenic (mutation inducing) or toxic. The increased number of cancer patients has been attributed in part to the increased use of plastics.

Plastic Ban: Might Harm Economy

1. Bulky and Expensive Packaging
Plastic offers a cheap, hassle free and light-weight long duration and air tight packaging. Paper bags and cloth bags cost quite a lot more than plastic bags and are not durable also. Moreover, they are bulky and often unreliable. Especially paper bags and paper packaging  can be damaged easily thus compromising the safety of goods being packed.

2. Difficulty in Branding
Mostly, companies give away custom made plastic bags that act as brand features with company logos, contact information etc.  Printing on pre made plastic bags costs much cheaper compared to cloth bags which need to be custom made. Thus, the ban on plastics will not only affect the plastic industry but other industries as well.

3. Adverse Impact on Product Pricing
When the packaging of products is changed to an expensive alternative, it will naturally affect the price of the product. This will result in a chain reaction of increase in prices of products all over the market and affect customers and businesses alike.

4. Impact on Trade
The global market for plastic products is growing at about 3% per year, according to the research report by The Business Research Company Plastics Product Manufacturing Global Market 2017. It was worth $1.1 trillion in 2016, and is set to grow to $1.2 trillion by 2020. Banning plastics will bring down a multibillion-dollar industry and thus cause a catastrophic effect on the economy and subsequently the share market.

Possible Solutions for Plastic Ban in India

1. Greener Alternative
The situation calls for developing a substitute for plastics as pretty much everyone depends on them. Currently, there are two types of bio degradable plastics available. The first is a plant-based hydro-biodegradable plastic known as Polylactic Acid which is formed from corn and degrades within 47 to 90 days. The other type is petroleum-based oxo-biodegradable plastic. Apart from this, paper bags or biodegradable bags can be used for daily purposes and industrial packaging material can be made from recycled material rather than custom made packaging.

2. Reducing Plastic Use at Personal Level
As it is said, nothing is impossible if all do their bit. So, for starters each one of us can start the change by reducing use of plastics on a personal level, like refusing plastic grocery bags, plastic bottles, food containers and other household items. Apart from that, we can encourage our neighbours and relatives to recycle the existing plastic so as not to add to the waste and rather use it again.

3. Gradually Ban Use of Plastics
Banning use of plastics outright is a very drastic measure that we cannot afford at the moment due to lack of alternative options. Even if it is banned, it might result in illegal manufacturing, use and disposal of plastic material which might further add to the problem as there will no longer be any rules and regulations to follow as plastic itself will be contraband. This might put plastic as a form of black-market business which will be quite hazardous to the environment.

4. Global Initiatives
Various global initiatives have been taken to tackle the problem of plastic waste solution. One of these is the Clean Seas Campaign started by the United Nations and is being supported by several sports events in form of sailing, yachting and surfing to raise awareness. Apart from that, several businesses have taken initiative to give parts of their income to help clean the oceans of plastic waste. Moreover, a lot of celebrities like Leonardo DiCaprio and Mark Ruffalo have spoken up about the degrading environment and set up foundations to help tackle the problem at some level.

5. Recycling
Plastic has become sort of a necessary evil in our lives. But continuing to harm the environment is no longer an option. If we want to move forward from plastics, it has to be done in steps. It is something that needs to happen gradually no matter the urgency of the situation. Industries engaged in recycling of plastics and putting the material to unharmful uses should be encouraged. Recently Hindustan Unilever has launched the process of plastic disposal & recycling leading to no adverse impact on environment.

What we can ensure nonetheless is minimal use of plastics on a personal level and at the same time moving towards greener alternatives on an industrial and global level. The first step being enforcing stricter recycling laws and banning low quality plastics. Next, we can concentrate on greener methods that can substitute plastic which will not cause the consumers much discomfort. Because without providing an acceptable alternative for plastics, if plastic is banned, it is more likely to result in illegal marketing and disposal of plastics which will only harm the environment further.


IIM Bangalore Placement Report 2020

IIM Bangalore Placement Report 2020 has been released by IIM Bangalore. Average Salary offered was INR 24.54 lakh per annum and median salary was INR 23 lakh per annum. Let us have a detailed look at IIM Bangalore Placement Report 2020.

IIM Bangalore Placement Report 2020

  • Average Domestic salary up at Rs.24.54 LPA from Rs.22.76 LPA last year
  • Average International Salary Up at Rs.62.30 LPA from Rs.58.20 LPA last year
  • 170 PPOs were made and 125 were accepted
  • International Offers made-15
  • Lateral Placement Offers made-142; accepted-110
  • Consulting Firms Emerged as Top Recruiting Domain with 161 Offers
  • Accenture emerged as top recruiter with 30 offers

Top Companies Making PPOs
Following are the top companies making PPOs to 170 students. However, only 125 PPOs were accepted by the IIMB students.

Recruiter Making PPO
No. of PPOs made
Bain & Company
The Boston Consulting Group
Accenture Strategy
A. T. Kearney
McKinsey & Company
Aditya Birla Group
Alvarez & Marsal
Procter & Gamble

Check out Placement Report of Top MBA Colleges in India

IIM Bangalore Placement Report

Consulting Biggest Recruiting Sector
161 offers were made in the consulting sector led by Accenture with 30 offers. Other leading Consulting companies which made placement offers in good number included Deloitte USI and Delotte India with 18 offersAT Kearney -14 offers; The Boston Consulting Group-14 offers; Bain & Company -14 offers; Strategy &-11 offers; EY-Parthenon-8 offers; McKinsey & Co-7 offers.

Other prominent companies making offers in Consulting domain include Nomura Research Institute (5), KPMG (5), Alvarez & Marsal (4), Auctus Advisors (4), Ernst & Young (3), Zinnov (3), GEP Consulting (2), Roland Berger (2), IBM Consulting (2), Oliver Wyman (2), Vector Consulting (2), Analysis Mason (2) and Infosys Management Consulting (1) offer.

In addition, there were 20 offers in the Technology consulting domain with PricewaterhouseCoopers making the maximum of 12 offers followed by Larsen and Toubro Infotech Consulting (4), Thoucentric (2), Accenture Technology (1) and Cognizant Consulting (1).

Finance: 54 Offers
There were 54 offers overall in the Finance domain. Among global banks, Goldman Sachs made the maximum of 7 offers followed by JP Morgan (4), Deutsche Bank (2), Citibank (2), HSBC (2), Barclays (1), Standard Chartered (1). Other Investment firms included Avendus (3), Matrix Partners (1), Axis Capital (1), Allegro Capital (1), Arpwood Capital (1) Tata Asset Management (1) and True North (1). Among banks and financial firms ICICI Bank made the maximum of 8 offers, and others included Société Générale (5), Royal Bank of Scotland (5), ANZ (3), Bajaj Finserve (1), and PWC Deals (1). Corporate Finance roles were offered by Reliance Treasury (2) and EMAAR (1).

Conglomerates: 40 Offers
Conglomerates recruited for their leadership tracks, making 40 offers in general management, with Adani Group leading with 7 offers followed by Tata Administrative Services (6), Aditya Birla Group (6), Vedanta (5), RPG Group (4), CK Birla Group (3), Wipro Global (2), Jindal (2), Mahindra Group (2), Reliance (2) and Lodha Group (1). In addition, there were 23 offers in General Management roles by Genpact (6), Sterlite Power (4), Capgemini (4), Udaan (3), Renew Power (2), Tata Sky (2) and Microland (2).

Sales & Marketing Domain: 47 Offers
Students opting for Sales and Marketing roles received 47 offers and were recruited by major consumer goods firms led by Anheuser-Busch Inbev with 9 offers. Other recruiters included Samsung Electronics (8), Procter & Gamble (4), Nestle (3), Asian Paints (3), Lenovo (3), Wipro Consumer Care (3), Bajaj Auto (2), ONGC (2),  Mondelez (1), Dr Reddys (1), Indian Oil Corporation (1), Colgate Palmolive (1), Vodafone (1), Coca Cola (1), Sigtuple (1), Maruti (1), St Gobain (1) and Jubilant Foodworks (1).

Analytics: 32 Offers
The 32 offers made in the fast-growing analytics space included EXL Services (9), WNS Global (5). American Express (4), Gartner (4), UnitedHealth Group (3), Visa (3), MasterCard (2), Addzebra (1) and CRISIL (1).

IT Domain: 41 Offers
Prominent recruiters in the information technology and IT product management domain, who made 41 offers, were Microsoft (7), Reliance Jio (5), Value Lab (4), Krazybee (4), Sprinklr (3), Byjus (3), AT Kearney Digital (3), Tech Mahindra (2), Servify (2), Moonfrog (2), Edfora (2), Hindustan Unilever (1), Dunzo (1), ACT Fibernet (1) and Infoedge (1).

E-Commerce: 52 Offers
The e-Commerce and online space saw 52 offers with Amazon leading with 16 offers followed by Oyo Rooms (10), Flipkart (8), Myntra (7), Paytm (4), Ola Cabs (3), Grab Singapore (2), Clirnet (1) and Perpule (1).

Operations: 18 Offers
Operations roles saw 18 offers – Bharti Airtel (4), Uber (4), Cloudtail (3), Accenture Operations (2), Amway (1), Hindustan Coca Cola Beverages (1), Danaher (1), Lenskart (1) and Schneider Electric (1).

High Lateral Placement
The Lateral Placement season for candidates with more than 22 months of work experience saw a high placement trends with more offers being made by firms in varied domains like Consulting, Business Leadership, Product Management, Operations, Category Management, and General Management.

Newton Bishoyi, Student Placement Representative, said, “IIMB has seen a diverse set of new recruiters this time. Strategy consulting and finance continue to be the most sought-after roles followed by general management and marketing.”

Check out Placement Report of Top MBA Colleges in India


Citizenship Amendment Act and NRC

Citizenship Amendment Act 2019 and NRC explained: Citizenship Amendment Act amends the definition of illegal immigrant for Hindu, Sikh, Parsi, Buddhist and Christian immigrants from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh, who have lived in India without documentation.

Citizenship Amendment Act 2019 

The President of India gave his assent to the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, 2019, on December 12, a day after it was passed by the Rajya Sabha. The CAB bill was passed in the Indian Parliament on December 11, 2019 with 125 votes in favor and 105 votes against. Hence the CAB Bill became the CAA Act. Soon after the protests have broken out across India against the Citizenship (Amendment) Act 2019. In response, the Government has shut down the Internet and issued Section 144 in many cities, that prohibits a gathering of four or more people in a place.

What is Citizenship (Amendment) Act 2019?

The Act seeks to amend the definition of illegal immigrant for Hindu, Sikh, Parsi, Buddhist and Christian immigrants from Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh, who have lived in India without documentation. They will be granted fast track Indian citizenship in six years. The legislation applies to those who were “forced or compelled to seek shelter in India due to persecution on the ground of religion”. It aims to protect such people from proceedings of illegal migration. The cut-off date for citizenship is December 31, 2014 which means the applicant should have entered India on or before that date. Indian citizenship, under present law, is given either to those born in India or if they have resided in the country for a minimum of 11 years.

What is Government’s rationale?
Centre says these minority groups (Hindu, Sikh, Parsi, Buddhist and Christian immigrants) have come escaping persecution in Muslim-majority nations. However, critics say that the logic is not consistent, and bill is discriminatory – the bill does not protect all religious minorities, nor does it apply to all neighbours. For example, the Ahmedia Muslim sect and even Shias face discrimination in Pakistan. Rohingya Muslims and Hindus face persecution in neighbouring Burma, and Hindu and Christian Tamils in neighbouring Sri Lanka. The government responds that Muslims can seek refuge in other Islamic nations.

What is the Opposition’s objection?
According to Opposition Parties and Critics, the CAB discriminates against Muslims by declaring India a welcome refuge to all other religious communities. They say that it seeks to legally establish Muslims as second-class citizens of India by providing preferential treatment to other groups. This violates the Constitution’s Article 14, the fundamental right to equality to all persons.

NRC and how is it related to the Citizenship (Amendment) Act 2019?
A state-specific exercise, National Register of Citizens (NRC) identified illegal immigrants from Assam on the Supreme Court’s order. But, as soon as the Citizenship Amendment Bill was given Presidential assent making it a law, speculations started about another move – the National Register of Citizens or NRC.

What is NRC – National Register of Citizens?
Simply put, NRC is the National Register of Citizens. It has been adopted by many countries in the World. In India, NRC identified illegal immigrants from Assam on the Supreme Court’s order. This has been a “state-specific exercise” to keep its ethnic uniqueness unchanged. But ever since its implementation, there has been a call for its nationwide implementation. Many top BJP leaders including Home Minister Amit Shah have proposed that the NRC should be implemented across India. According to its proponents, NRC will effectively enable the government to identify infiltrators who have been living in India illegally, detain them and deport them to where they came from.

Will any particular community lose out if NRC is implemented along with CAA?
CAA, if implemented, will profile illegal immigrants in India. But Hindus, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhist, Jains and Parsis coming from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Bangladesh won’t be affected, if they claim they have arrived India after fleeing religious persecution. Which essentially means, if a nationwide NRC comes in as proposed, any illegal immigrant from other than Pakistan, Afghanistan and Bangladesh, will be affected. And as for those three nations, people coming from there who belong to the Muslim community will also be affected as they are not included in the Citizenship Amendment Act.

What will happen to the affected?

As proposed, if a nationwide NRC comes in place, the affected will be detained and taken to large detention centres, as it is happening in Assam. After that, the Ministry of External Affairs will get in touch with the concerned nations. If the details of the detained are matched and accepted by the concerned nations, deportations will follow.

Whether a nationwide NRC will come in place or not is yet to be known. But going by the speed the government is moving in bringing bold legislations like abrogation of Article 370 and CAB in 2019, a pan-India NRC Bill can’t be ruled out in 2020.


IIM Kashipur launches MBA Analytics Program

IIM Kashipur MBA Analytics Program: IIM Kashipur has launched a new MBA Analytics program which aims to prepare managers and future leaders in the increasingly technology oriented, and data-driven world. It is a two – year full time residential programme which seeks to provide a comprehensive learning environment for students to cope with the increasing demand for complex data analysis and thus helping organisations to make better decisions.

The MBA (Analytics) program is divided into six terms; three terms in the first year and three terms in the second year. The duration of each term is around eleven weeks. In the first year, the participants will take up several courses which will be common with the regular MBA program. This will enable them to have a good Management foundation. The second-year coursework will have courses pertaining only to the domain of Analytics.

IIM Kashipur MBA Analytics Batch Size

The initial batch size for the program would be 40.

IIM Kashipur MBA Analytics Selection Process

Interested candidates need to have a valid CAT, GRE or GMAT score to apply for the course which will be followed by personal interviews. This will form a part of the overall composite score for each candidate considering the personal interviews and the candidate background. Based on the composite scores candidates would be selected for the program.


MDI Summer Placement Report 2020

MDI Summer Placement Report 2020 – For MBA Class of 2019-21. This summer placement season witnessed 30 new recruiters and a 10% rise in the average stipend offered, reaffirming MDI’s established position as one of the country’s leading business schools. Median Stipend offered for 2 months period is INR 2.2 lakh.

MDI Summer Placement Report 2020

Entire Batch Median Stipend INR 2.2 lakh
Entire Batch Average Stipend INR 2.31 lakh
Number of Companies 85
Highest Stipend INR 3.2 lakh
Batch Size  299
New Recruiters 30
Maximum Offers in Sales and Marketing – 111

Sales and Marketing

FMCG stalwarts like Hindustan Unilever Ltd., Johnson & Johnson, Nestlé and Reckitt Benckiser were first time recruiters. Top FMCG companies such as Asian Paints, Coca-Cola, Dabur, Godrej Industries Ltd., ITC Ltd., L’Oréal, Marico and MARS India reinstated their faith in the talent of MDI. Big names in the Pharmaceutical sector such as Abbott, Cipla and GSK strengthened MDI’s position in the Healthcare domain. Bennett Coleman and Co. Ltd., and Pidilite Industries Ltd. were major recruiters and revisited the campus with renewed enthusiasm.


Investment banking roles were offered by companies such as Goldman Sachs, JPMorgan Chase & Co., Langham Capital and Nomura. Banking, financial advisory and coveted treasury roles were offered by our prominent recruiters such as Avendus Capital, Axis Bank, HSBC, ICICI Bank and PwC US Advisory. Corporate finance roles were also offered by GSK Consumer Healthcare, MARS India, OYO Rooms and Sanofi amongst others.

Operations & Technology

Industry stalwarts such as Amazon, Ola and UnitedHealth Group were first time recruiters, while top companies like Maersk Line and Uber recruited for their coveted roles in operations.

General Management & Consulting

General management & consulting function saw us initiating engagement with Amazon, BCG and PwC India. Major conglomerates such as JSW Group and Reliance Industries Ltd. reinstated their trust in MDI’s pool of talent. Top consulting firms such as Deloitte USI, Digital McKinsey and PwC US Advisory continued to offer coveted roles.

Human Resources

Human resources domain witnessed continued patronage from the industry with recruiters such as Aditya Birla Group, Asian Paints, Godrej Industries Ltd., ITC Ltd., Marico, OYO Rooms, and Reliance Industries Ltd. extending offers. MDI reinforced its position as the institute of choice for premier recruiters in the HR domain with participation by multiple new recruiters including Diageo, Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories, Korn Ferry, Nestlé, PhonePe, Sony Pictures Networks and Uber amongst others.

Prepare for CAT 2020 now and get into a Top B School


MICAT January 2020 Expected Cutoff

We thank you for making Career Anna MICAT Coaching Course the most successful and popular MICAT Course once again, 5th year consecutively. In this article we bring to you MICAT January 2020 Expected Cutoff.

MICAT January 2020 Expected Cutoff

MICAT 2, held on January 25, 2020 was of similar level as that of MICAT 1 held in December. There were no major deviations either in difficulty level or pattern. Expected Sectional cutoff for MICAT Aptitude test in MICAT January 2020 exam is as follows: 

Divergent Convergent Thinking  9.5-11.5 Marks (out of 30 marks)
Verbal Ability  8.5-9.5 Marks (out of 25 marks)
Quant and DI 7 Marks (out of 25 marks)
General Knowledge 5-6 Marks (out of 25 marks)
Overall Cutoff No specific value of cutoff

There is no overall MICAT score cutoff. Reason being for GE PI Call, weighted average of CAT/XAT/GMAT Score and MICAT overall score, with 50% weightage for each. 

Scaled overall score is calculated as sum of scaled sectional scores. Overall scaled score of 50 marks (around 45 raw score) should be super safe to get you the call at 80 percentile in CAT/XAT with a good descriptive writing. 

MICAT Psychometric Test pattern was similar to MICAT 1 – 150 Question pattern and just like MICAT 1, students did not have much time to ponder much on one question.

MICAT January 2020 pattern is as follows:

Section Name Questions Time Limit (min.)
Section 1: Psychometric Test 150 30
Psychometric Test 150 30
Section 2: Aptitude Test 105 105
Verbal Ability 25 No specific time limit
Quantitative Ability and Data Interpretation 25 No specific time limit
General Awareness 25 No specific time limit
Divergent and Convergent Thinking 30 No specific time limit
Section 3: Descriptive Test 4 30
Total 259 165


This section tested the analytical and descriptive writing ability and creative skills of test-takers. The total time given for attempting these questions was 30 minutes. The first three questions were related to each other. The topic for the first three questions was ‘Environment is a resource meant for consumption’. For the first two questions, students had to write three points each, ‘for’ and ‘against’ the topic. These two questions carried 10 marks each.

The third question asked the candidate to suggest three points in which young professionals can stay off the environmental controversy.

The fourth question in this section consisted of four pictures. Students had to write down a particular pictorial combination (A-B-C-D or D-C-B-A or any such combination) and explain it with the help of a story. This question carried 30 marks.


There were 150 questions in this section – up from 27 last year.

In this section, there were no correct or incorrect responses.

Around 30 questions presented a situation/course of action and the test-taker had to mark either True or False.

The other 120 questions were about a particular personality trait or a course of action. Students had to select any one option. The eight options from which students needed to mark their answer were:

  • Totally Disagree
  • Strongly Disagree
  • Disagree
  • Somewhat Disagree
  • Somewhat Agree
  • Agree
  • Strongly Agree
  • Totally Agree

We thank you once again for making Career Anna MICAT Coaching Course the most successful and popular MICAT Course once again, 5th year consecutively.


IIM Rohtak IPM 2020 Admission Criteria

IIM Rohtak IPM 2020 Admission Criteria has been announced. Let us have a detailed look at IIM Rohtak IPM 2020 Admission Criteria – There is no age restriction to appear for the exam. IIM Rohtak IPM 2020 Registration Start Date is February 10, 2020 and End Date is April 6, 2020. Exam will be conducted on May 1, 2020. Examination fee is INR 3,890.

IIM Rohtak IPM 2020 Admission Criteria

Candidates must satisfy the following criteria to apply for this programme.

• General, NC-OBC and EWS Category: Minimum 60% in standard X/ SSC and standard XII/ HSC or equivalent examinations, Maximum 20 years of age as on July 31, 2020

• SC, ST and PWD (DAP) Category: Minimum 55% in standard X/ SSC and standard XII/ HSC or equivalent examinations, Maximum 20 years of age as on July 31, 2020.

IPM Exam Pattern

Each question will carry 4 marks. There will be negative marking of 1 mark for each wrong answer. All the questions will be multiple-choice questions.

Section No. of Questions Time Duration
Quantitative Ability 40 40 min
Logical Reasoning 40 40 min
Verbal Ability 40 40 min
Overall 120 120 min

The test will be conducted by TCS at PAN India locations including test centers in Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Chandigarh, Chennai, Dehradun, Ghaziabad, Gurugram, Guwahati, Gwalior, Hyderabad, Indore, Jaipur, Kolkata, Kozhikode, Lucknow, Mumbai, Nagpur, New Delhi, Noida, Patna, Pune, Raipur, Ranchi, Thiruvananthapuram, Varanasi and Visakhapatnam.

Personal Interview (PI) and Written Ability Test (WAT)

(i) The announcement of Call for Personal Interviews (PI) and Written Ability Test (WAT) will be done in First/ Second Week of May 2020. The shortlisting will be based on the IPM AT 2020 scores.

(ii) The candidates during their personal interviews will be judged on the basis of their academics, general awareness, and communication skills.

(iii) The interviews are proposed to be held in following four cities as per tentative dates given below:


May 22 – 24, 2020 (Fri-Sun)


May 25-26, 2020 (Mon-Tue)


May 28-29, 2020 (Thu-Fri)


May 30-31, 2020 (Sat-Sun)

Announcement of Selection List and Offer Acceptance

The final Merit List will be generated based on the composite score as mentioned below:


Weightage (%)

Aptitude Test Score


Personal Interview (PI)


Written Ability Test (WAT)


Past Academics


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MBA Colleges Accepting XAT Score and Cutoff

In this article we bring to you the list of MBA Colleges Accepting XAT Score and cutoff of MBA Colleges Accepting XAT Score.

MBA Colleges Accepting XAT Score and Cutoff


The following table illustrates the XAT Cutoff score of MBA Colleges Accepting XAT Score. Very few colleges accepting XAT Score have sectional cutoff. 


Name of College XATCutoff
Xavier Labour Relations Institute, Jamshedpur (XLRI)
  • BM Course – Overall 95 Percentile (70 in VA-LR, 90 in QA and 80 in Decision Making)
  • HRM Course – Overall 90 Percentile (75 in VA-LR, 80 each in QA and Decision Making)
Xavier Institute of Management,  Bhubaneswar – Core MBA Course
  • Core MBA Course (BM) – Overall 93 Percentile (75 in VA-LR, 75 in QA and 75 in Decision Making)
  • HRM Course – Overall 87 Percentile (60 in each section)
  • Rural Management and Sustainability Management – Overall 70 Percentile (50 Percentile in every section)
Goa Institute of Management
  • PGDM (Full time)-Overall 85 Percentile (No Sectionals, but profile is considered along with the score)
  • PGDM(Health Care)– Only profile based admissions
SP Jain Mumbai
  • PGDM
  • PGPM
  • GMP

Overall 85 Percentile (70 in every section, profile is considered along with the score)

Institute of Management Technology, Ghaziabad
  • PGDM

Overall 90 Percentile (No Sectionals)

Institute of Management Technology, Nagpur and Hyderabad
  • PGDM – Full Time
  • PGDM- Finance
  • PGDM- Marketing

Overall 70 Percentile (No Sectionals)

TAPMI Manipal
  • PGDM– Overall 85 Percentile (No Sectionals)
  • BKFS- Overall 88 Percentile (No Sectionals)
  • HR- Overall 85 Percentile (No Sectionals)

(In case if the experience is greater than 12 months, profile is considered along with the score)

KJ Somaiya, Mumbai
  • PGDM – Overall 85 Percentile
  • PGDM (Retail Management)- Overall 85 Percentile
  • PGDM (International Business)- Overall 85 Percentile
  • PGDM (Communications)-Overall 85 Percentile
Great Lakes Institute of Management, Chennai
  • PGPM-Overall 85 Percentile
  • PGDM-Overall 85 Percentile
    (Profile is considered along with the score)
FORE, Delhi
  • PGDM

Overall 80 Percentile (No Sectionals)

Loyola Institute of Business Administration, Chennai
  • Full time PGDM Programme

Overall 75 Percentile (No Sectionals)

Welingkar Institute of Management Development and Research, Mumbai Overall 75 Percentile (No Sectionals)
  • Full Time PGDM
  • PGDM International Business
  • PGDM Insurance Business Management
  • PGDM Retail Management

Overall 70 Percentile (No Sectionals)

XIME Bangalore
  • PGDM

Overall 70 Percentile (No Sectionals)

XISS Ranchi
  • PGDM-Finance
  • PGDM-Marketing

Overall 60 Percentile (No Sectionals)

Alliance School of Business, Bangalore
  • MBA
  • PGDM

Overall 65 Percentile (No Sectionals)

Vanguard Business School, Bangalore
  • MBA

Overall 60 Percentile (No Sectionals)

IFIM Bangalore
  • PGDM
  • PGDM-Finance
  • PGDM-International Business
  • PGDM-Marketing

Overall 60 Percentile (No Sectionals)

BIMM, Pune
  • PGDM

Overall 55 Percentile (No Sectionals)

  • PGPM- Rural

Overall 75 Percentile (No Sectionals)

MICA 50% weightage to XAT Score. Composite score calculated as weighted average of MICAT Score and XAT Score (with 50% weightage of both) – No specific XAT Score cutoff.


Do not miss leveraging the XAT Decision Making and Mocks Comprehensive Course – 90% of our students scored 99+ percentile in Decision Making section last year and more than 98+ percentile overall.

You may also check XAT Only Decision Making Course

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TISSNET 2020 Analysis and Expected Cutoff

TISSNET 2020 Analysis and Expected Cutoff: TISSNET 2020 Exam was conducted on January 4, 2020. TISSMAT exam was also conducted on the same day for HRM and ODCL Candidates. TISSNET 2020 Exam had moderate to difficult GK section as compared to previous 5 years, and TISSMAT exam was way easier as compared to what was predicted based on TISSMAT sample paper which was released by TISS. Let us have a detailed look at TISSNET 2020 Analysis and Expected Cutoff. 

TISSNET 2020 Analysis

TISSMAT Analysis

All 3 sections had 15 Questions – DI, RC and Business Awareness

  • DI was very easy – All 15 questions were doable
  • English RC section had two passages:
    – 1 on Railway operating unit consisting of 8 questions
    – 2nd RC was consisting of 7 questions
  • RC was bit on factual interpretation and logical analysis of the comprehension. 
  • Overall RCs were moderate in difficulty level 
  • Business Awareness section had 11 out of 15 Questions from the GK Material provided in TISSNET Coaching and TISSNET Mocks and GK Course – Most of these were current affairs / recent happenings
  • 1 question from marginal cost and 1 from labour relation (these were among the 4 which were not from our GK Material) 

Ideal TISSMAT Score 

22 to 25 is a good TISSMAT score for good chances in Final Composite Score calculation. 

Do note that there is no sectional or overall cutoff for TISSMAT.

TISSNET 2020 Analysis

This is where the surprise awaited, let’s say unpleasant surprise for the candidates. GK section was moderate to difficult, not from content perspective, but from question formation perspective. Questions were framed more on the lines of UPSC GK, and less on the lines of traditional GK which has come in TISSNET for last 4-5 years. Hence, despite GK not being very difficult, some candidates found it very difficult.

  • Contemporary GK questions were missing this year in TISSNET GK Section
  • Rivers, National Parks, Geography saw a miss this year, while they had been favorite topics in previous years
  • From history, viceroy and governor general questions were asked, which were covered in TISSNET GK material provided in our courses
  • 1 question from international current affairs was asked
  • 12 to 15 current affairs questions were easily doable in the paper. They had twisted language, but if read carefully all were doable and almost were covered in the Factsheets and Current Affairs videos provided by us
  • Overall TISSNET GK had around 25 – 27 questions from our GK Study material. A slight drop as compared to last year.
  • Questions like first Rajiv Gandhi Khel Ratna was asked which no one was expecting
  • Quant questions were slightly easy. More of use cases and language questions. 8-10 question were asked in language form. This we have covered in our free quant formula book.
  • English section was easy except 1 RC which was difficult. 
  • 2 RC Questions with 4 questions each, 3 Parajumbles, 4 error detection, 4 antonyms and synonyms, 2 logical arrangement, 1 logical deduction were the questions covered

Expected TISSNET Cutoff 2020

TISSNET Cutoff is expected to fall this year due to some strange questions in the paper, which have never been traditionally the part of TISSNET Exam. We expect HRM and ODCL cutoff to fall by 3-4 marks as compared to last year, and for other courses it should fall by 2-3 marks.

GK Sectional cutoff would be 14 marks. Verbal and Maths sections have no sectional cutoff.

Here is the expected TISSNET Cutoff for some of the major courses for general category. OBC and KM cutoff is usually 2-3 marks lesser than that of general, SC cutoff will usually be 6-7 marks lesser and ST by around 9-10 marks lesser than the general cutoff for most of the courses

Course Name Cutoff (out of 100)
Human Resource Management  68-69
Organization Development and Change Leadership 66-68
Development Studies 64-65
Globalization and Labour  66-68
Social Work (Public Health) 61-63
Social Work (Women-Centred Practice)  57-59
Social Epidemioligy  58-60
Social Work (CODP) 56-58
Master of Law  55-57
Social Work (Criminology & Justice) 54-56
Social Work (Livelihoods and Social Entrepreneurship) 54-56
Social Work (Mental Health) 52-54
Health Administration  54-56
Urban Governance / Regulatory Governance  52-54
Disaster Management  51-53
Hospital Administration  52-54
Clinical Psychology / Counselling Psychology  54-56
Media and Cultural Studies  51-53
Women’s Studies (Hyderabad campus)  53-55
Rural Development  53-55
Climate Change 51-53
Social Entrepreneurship  50-52
Social Work (Dalit & Tribal Studies and Action)  50-52
Social Work (Disability Studies & Action)  49-51
MA in Education (Mumbai campus)  51-53
Water Policy and Governance  48-50
Natural Resource & Governance  48-50
MA in Education (Hyderabad campus)  50-52
Peace and Conflict Studies  48-50

Wish all the candidates good luck for TISSNET Results and thank you for trusting Career Anna the most for TISSNET Preparation for 4th consecutive year, and making it the most enrolled TISSNET Course of the year.


CAT 2019 Result Date Announced

CAT 2019 Result may be announced by IIM Kozhikode ahead of the scheduled day in 2nd week of January, 2020. It is expected that CAT 2019 Result may be announced on January 4, 2019 evening. SMS Notifications with CAT 2019 result update may be sent by IIM Kozhikode to students on January 4, 2019 evening itself.

CAT 2019 Result Date

2,09,926 candidates appeared for CAT 2019 exam – a number which is highest during last 5 years. 

CAT 2019 Result: More competition this year
Total number of CAT applicants this year has gone up to 2.44 lakhs from 2.41 lakhs last year. The number of test takers in CAT waiting for CAT Result 2019 day is also more than last year. Comparative trend of last 4 years is given below:

CAT exam year
Total applicants
Total Actual test Takers

IIM Kozhikode Director Prof Debashis Chatterjee and Prof Shubhasis Dey, Convener of CAT Exam 2019, deserve credit for conducting CAT 2019 exam successfully on November 24, 2019, and increasing the number of test-takers. CAT 2019 had reported the largest number of test takers (209,926 candidates) in last five years and highest percentage of test takers during last five years. Also, CAT 2019 was held in 156 test cities which is the highest number of test cities in the history of CAT.

IIMs to start Shortlisting Process immediately
With the early declaration of CAT 2019 result, candidates who appeared in CAT 2019 exam will be able to know whether they are shortlisted by one of the top IIMs or the New IIMs. While IIM Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Calcutta release their shortlists in a day or two from the date of CAT result declaration, other IIMs announce their shortlists after a few days. You can check your chances of getting IIM Call accurately with the help of IIM Call Predictor.

How to Download CAT 2019 Result 
Immediately, after official declaration of CAT 2019 exam Result, the first access point to your CAT 2019 Result  and CAT percentile overall is the communication from IIM Kozhikode to you.

The CAT 2019 result download process can be completed in three simple steps by visiting the CAT official website & login with CAT Registration Id and password.


SP Jain Placement Report 2019 for MBA Class of 2020

SP Jain Placement Report 2019 for MBA Class of 2020 has been released. Average Salary is upto INR 26.36 lpa, while 109 students bagged Pre Placement Offer. Let us have a detailed look at SP Jain Placement Report 2019 for MBA Class of 2020.

SP Jain Placement Report 2019

Median Salary INR 25 lakh
Average Salary INR 26.36 lakh
Highest Salary INR 51 lakh
Number of Companies 122
Number of PPOs 109

Top Recruiters at SPJIMR Campus
Top Recruiters at SPJIMR campus placement 2020 included The Boston Consulting Group, Bain & Co., Accenture Strategy, Intuit, Microsoft, Goldman Sachs, American Express, Amazon, Flipkart, Uber, Deloitte, PwC, KPMG, EY, Hindustan Unilever, Johnson & Johnson, Proctor & Gamble, ITC, Bajaj Finserv and Go-MMT. 

44 New Recruiters at SPJIMR
Apart from traditional recruiters, several new companies from diverse sectors were on campus this year, bringing new breadth to the placements process.

Despite challenging market conditions, a total of 44 new recruiters were on campus at SPJIMR offering aspirational roles across multiple functions. New recruiters for this year included companies like Alvarez & Marsal, The Bridgespan Group, Praxis Global Alliance, Bank of America, Landmark Group, Intuit, Cisco, Sabre Partners, Spark Capital, Udaan, BYJU’S, Ola cabs, Swiggy and Dabur. 

Domain & Sector Wise Placement 2020

General Management and Leadership roles
Conglomerates such as the Aditya Birla Group, Amazon, Tata Administrative Services, Mahindra & Mahindra, Adani, Edelweiss, Cap Gemini, ELITE, Philips, GE Healthcare and Airtel made 26 offers in roles that are aimed at building the leadership pipeline. These roles give students exposure to various functions and are accelerated tracks designed at honing a future leader within the organisation.

Beyond the traditional leadership roles in conglomerates, the prestigious Finance Leadership (FLDP) and BOLD Operations role from Amazon were a key highlight this year.

Consulting/IT Consulting
SPJIMR consolidated its position as a preferred destination for top consulting firms as more than 28 per cent of the PGDM batch picked up offers in the consulting domain. New recruiters like Alvarez & Marsal, The Bridgespan Group and Praxis Global Alliance participated in the process along with traditional recruiters like The Boston Consulting Group, Bain & Co., Accenture Strategy, Deloitte, PwC, KPMG, IBM Consulting, EY, Avalon Consulting and GEP amongst others. 

Plethora of roles were offered across sectors such as Equity Research, Digital Banking, Private Equity, Wealth Management, Corporate Finance, NBFC, etc. Investment Banks and Private Equity firms such as Goldman Sachs, Bank of America, Nomura, Sabre Capital opened the roles for students. Around 15 per cent of the finance batch secured roles in Investment Banking profiles.

The rise in hiring from the E-Commerce sector was substantial as more than 22 per cent of the batch bagged roles from this sector. Top recruiters in this space offered a surfeit of new roles giving the participants myriad of options to choose from. Some of the key recruiters from this sector include the likes of Amazon, Flipkart, Uber, Ola Cabs, Swiggy, Go-MMT, Cloudtail, Grofers, Ninjacart and many more.

IT and Analytics
Technology giants such as Intuit, Microsoft, Media.net, Freshworks, Cisco, Samsung, BYJU’s, American Express and Airtel offered Product Management, Analytics, Program Management, Tech Sales, and General Management roles on campus this year. GE (Healthcare) recruited for its renowned Digital Technology Leadership Program and Philips hired for its distinguished IT Leadership Programme. 

Dr Sajeev A George, Chairperson PGDM, said, “It gives us great satisfaction and delight to have achieved significantly superior placement outcomes this year, in spite of the seemingly not so favourable external environment. One of the most commendable aspects this year is the large number of PPOs offered to our students after their autumns internship projects and their record conversion rate. The placement outcomes help validate the currency and relevance of our curriculum that strives to balance between the short- term and long-term needs of our students.” 


SNAP 2019 Analysis and Expected Cutoff

SNAP 2019 Analysis and Expected cutoff projection is what we bring to you in this article. SNAP 2019 Exam was conducted today on December 15, 2019. SNAP 2019 had a new exam pattern with no GK Section. 

SNAP 2019 Analysis

SNAP 2019 exam was probably one of the toughest exam of the MBA season so far. Quant section was difficult, while LR Section was moderate. Verbal section was easy to moderate. 

Let us have a look at SNAP 2019 Expected Cutoff for different MBA Colleges which accept SNAP Score. 

Cutoff (Score)
SIBM (Pune) – Flagship Course
75+ (General) 
72+  (KM)
60+ (SC) 
SCMHRD – Flagship Course
SIBM (Bengaluru)
SIOM, SIBM (Hyderabad), SITM, SCIT
SIMC Pune / Bangalore 50 + / 45+ 

There is no individual sectional cutoff for any SNAP College as per previous trends, hence students need not worry about the sectional breakup. 

Overall SNAP 2019 Exam Pattern was as shared below:

Total Marks
General English
34 × 1.5
Analytical & Logical Reasoning
36 × 1.5
Quantitative Aptitude, DI & DS
40 (35 + 5 )
(35 × 1) + (5 × 2)

SNAP 2019 Analysis – Sectional 

General English


Overall difficulty level was easy to moderate. 25 to 27 questions would be a very good attempt here. 


Verbal section had conventional types of questions ranging from grammar, vocabulary, figure of speech, modal verbs, sentence correction, foreign words,    correct spelling, fill in the blanks to reading comprehensions etc. However the difficulty level of verbal was easy to moderate. The verbal section was dominated by reading comprehension, vocabulary based, grammar and sentence completion questions.


There were also questions based on foreign words, modal verbs and figure of speech which added to the diversity of the paper. A few grammar based questions purely checked the fundamentals of grammar.  There were questions based on idiomatic usage and parts of speech. There was also one para jumble question. 


Analytical & Logical Reasoning


Overall difficulty level was moderate. 24 to 26 questions would be a very good attempt here.


This section had a few questions based on mathematical puzzle. The section included questions on visual reasoning, arrangements, family tree, verbal reasoning, calendar and missing number. This section was dominated by arrangements, puzzles and family tree based questions followed by 1 or 2 questions from remaining areas. One of the sets was based on movies (3 questions) and other set based on spice had 6 questions. It also included questions from analogy and verbal reasoning. There were two questions based on clock. The series question and coding were bit confusing and time consuming. 


Quantitative Aptitude, Data Interpretation & DS


Overall difficulty level was moderate to difficult.  22 to 26 questions would be a very good attempt here.


This section was dominated by geometry, modern mathematics, time speed distance and number system. There were 6 questions based on data interpretation. Some of them were calculation intensive. The questions based on permutation combination were tricky. Other topics like mensuration, polynomials, AP/GP had 1 to 3 questions each. 


Wish you all good luck for SNAP Results and in meanwhile, do not forget to check XAT Decision Making and Mocks Course.