SHREYAS: The HRD Minister, Shri Prakash Javadekar launched the Scheme for Higher Education Youth in Apprenticeship and Skills (SHREYAS) for providing industry apprenticeship opportunities to the general graduates exiting in April 2019 through the National Apprenticeship Promotional Scheme (NAPS). This program aims to enhance the employability of Indian youth by providing them on the job work exposure and earning of stipend. The education with skills is the need of the hour and the SHREYAS will be a major effort in this direction to make the degree students more skilled, capable, employable and aligned to the needs of our economy so that they could contribute to the country’s progress and also obtain gainful employment.
Know about SHREYAS: The Apprenticeship and Skills Programme
- Name of the scheme: SHREYAS – Scheme for Higher Education Youth in Apprenticeship and Skills.
- The programme includes the initiatives of three central ministries, including the HRD, Ministry of Labour and Employment and Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship.
- The apprenticeship programme has been introduced for degree course students mainly for those studying non-technical courses to update them with employable skills as part of their education.
- The SHREYAS scheme will promote apprenticeship as a part of the education curriculum and also tie-up the government’s employment building efforts into the education system.
- With the help of SHREYAS portal, educational institutions and industry personnel can log in and provide their respective demand and supply of apprenticeship.
- Pre-specified eligibility criteria will be noted as part of the SHREYAS scheme and students will be matched on the basis of these details with their apprenticeship avenues.
- These apprenticeship courses will be available from academic year April-May, 2019.
- More than 40 educational institutions have been tied up for taking up embedded apprenticeship courses.
Operation of SHREYAS
The primary scheme will be operated in conjunction with the National Apprenticeship Promotion Scheme which provides for placing apprentices up to 10% of the total workforce in every business/industry. The scheme will be implemented by Sector Skill Councils, initially the Banking Finance Insurance Services (BFSI), Retail, Health care, Telecom, Logistics, Media, Management services, IT/ITES, and Apparel. More sectors would be added to the existing with emerging apprenticeship demand and curriculum adjustments.
Under the NAPS scheme, the Central Government shares 25% of the stipend per month subject to a maximum of Rs.1500 pm during the period of the apprenticeship. Apart from that, an amount up to Rs.7500 will be met towards basic training cost, wherever needed.
Three Tracks in Implementation of SHREYAS
The programme would witness simultaneous implementation along three different tracks.
Add-on apprenticeship (Degree apprenticeship)
The students who are completing the degree programme would be invited to choose a job role of their choice from a selected list of apprenticeship job roles given by the Sector Skill Councils. The apprenticeship programme is normally for 6 months and will be prefixed by basic training regarding the sector. The programme would commence immediately after the completion of the degree programme. During the apprenticeship period, the student would get a monthly stipend of Rs.6,000. At the end of the apprenticeship period, there would be an evaluation test conducted by the Sector Skill Council and successful students would get skills certificate in addition to their degree certificate.
Under this approach, the existing B.Voc programmes would be restructured into B. A (Professional), B.Sc (Professional) or B.Com (Professional) courses which would include not only educational input, vocational input, but also a mandatory apprenticeship ranging from 6 to 10 months depending on the requirement of that particular skill. During the apprenticeship period, the student would get a monthly stipend of about Rs.6,000, 25% of which would be reimbursed under the NAPS programme. At the end of the apprenticeship period, there would be a test conducted by the Sector Skill Council and successful students would get skills certificate in addition to their degree certificate.
Linking National Career Service with Colleges
The National Career Service (NCS) portal of the Ministry of Labour and Employment will be linked with the Higher Education institutions. As of now, more than 9,000 employers have posted the requirement of more than 2 lakh vacancies, for which the eligible students can get considered. This would help the students in institutions which do not have the facility of campus recruitment and would improve their employment opportunities. Apart from this, the students will be given training in soft skills according to the requirement of a particular market.