Para Jumbles in CAT: The CAT 2019 exam is a good six months away, however, aspirants can already be seen with their necks buried deep in mounds of books, previous year question papers and attending either offline or Online CAT Coaching. Amid all the hullabaloo, students tend to forget or even skip some aspects they deem unimportant, while might actually turn out to be a significant factor in boosting your CAT 2019 score. One such part of the CAT Syllabus is the Para Jumbles which is a rather tough nut to crack. However, we bring to you simple tips and tricks to solve Para Jumbles in CAT exam. Read on!
Introduction to Para Jumbles in CAT 2019 exam
Para Jumbles are one of the most frequently asked questions in the Verbal Ability section of the CAT exam and other management entrance exams. This topic is also known as Sentence Rearrangement. A basic introduction to these questions will tell you that these questions comprise of a set of sentences, each labeled with a letter. The sentences have to be arranged logically to form a coherent paragraph.
The CAT exam has 4-5 questions every year from this topic. Later in 2015, TITA (Type in the Answer) questions were introduced. In this format, candidates will have to type in the answers and there were no options for Para Jumbles, due to which these questions became exponentially tougher and quite a challenge to deal with. There are nearly 120 possible combinations for a five-sentence para-jumble question and any given combination can be the right answer. Sounds tricky, right? Get ready for fight in this ‘para-jumble’ article.
CAT 2019: Tips and Tricks to Watch Out For While Solving Para Jumbles
- You must follow the general to specific rule, which means you should move from an introductory sentence to the one which shares details. Try to find a sentence which introduces a topic or person or idea. Let this be your opening sentence.
- Also, try to find the closing sentence which will generally be a concluding statement. It will not introduce a new idea but conclude what has already been mentioned.
- Another trick which is really helpful in solving Para Jumbles is to make mandatory pairs.
Mandatory pairs are those sentences which necessarily come together. The key to solving Para- jumble questions is to identify these connected pairs of statements.
To identify a mandatory pair, you must look out for:
- Nouns and pronouns reference: Nouns or subjects mentioned in a statement can be replaced by a pronoun in the next statement. Always be on the lookout for such pairs.
- Subject similarities: Two statements based on the subject form a pair
- Time sequences: Generally, if a given set of statements bears a reference to time-based events, ensure that you maintain a particular order that is past-present-future or vice-versa.
- Transition words like ‘as, also, as well as, besides, furthermore, in addition, likewise, moreover, similarly, consequently, hence, for one thing, above all, aside from, besides, in other words, instead, likewise, on one hand, on the other hand, rather, meanwhile, next, then, soon, in conclusion, after all, all in all, to sum up.
Even the most difficult para-jumbles have 2-3 sentences which form a link. Try to spot the link which go together and eliminate options which do not have that link.
- Watch out for adverbs like even, also, still, however, nevertheless, etc. Such adverbs help link two or more sentences.
- Conjunctions are those parts of speech which are used to join two or more sentences. Beware of conjunctions like as soon as, as though, because, before, in order that, since, unless, until, when, whenever, where, whereas, wherever, and while. Also keep an eye on coordinating conjunctions such as for, and, nor, but, or, yet and so.
- Watch out for pronouns. Ideally, a pronoun in one sentence always points to a noun in the sentence immediately preceding it.
- Where Articles are concerned, ‘A’ or ‘An’ being indefinite articles may be used in the opening statement, while ‘The’ being a definite article (more specific) is less likely to be used in an opening statement. Pronouns like ‘he’, ‘she’, ‘they’ will also help guide you through the sequence of the paragraph. Comparative adjectives are generally used in relation to another statement, thus helping you pick out the subsequent statement.
Why are Para Jumbles important?
- Para Jumbles in CAT exam are important due to the following two reasons:
- Para Jumbles in CAT are relatively easy to answer and do not require us to learn any rules or formulae by heart or abide by any, unlike grammar questions.
For Para Jumbles in CAT, the objective is simple – maximum accuracy in the minimum possible time. Therefore, if you are a CAT 2019 aspirant who has not touched this topic as yet, start away and solve them with the help of the tips mentioned above. Good Luck!