After having discussed the Tips for Critical Reasoning Questions, we have observed that at times students are not able to connect to the exact question asked in the Critical Reasoning Questions. To address this, it is important to understand different types of Critical Reasoning Questions and what is expected in each and every type. In this article, we will discuss Different Types of Critical Reasoning Questions for CAT XAT SNAP NMAT and IIFT.

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Different Types of Critical Reasoning Questions

As discussed in our Critical Reasoning Course as well, we would like to share with you the 7 different types of Critical Reasoning Questions. 

1. Strengthening of the Argument

The Question stem in this type will consist of following phrasing at most of the times. 

“which option does most to justify the expectation that…”
“which of the following most strongly supports the argument…”  
provides the strongest grounds that…”
“…provides the best reason for the expectation that [argument]…”
“…which of the following would provide most support for the prediction that…”
conclusion would be more reasonably drawn if which of the following were true”

2. Weakening of the Argument

The question stem in this type will consist of the following phrasing at most of the times. 

Argument given by the author is flawed because…”
“…which of the following does not support…”
“…which of the given options most seriously weakens…”
“…given argument is most vulnerable to criticism because of which of the following…”
“…which of the following is the basis for arguing against the author’s point…”
“…which of the following would cast serious doubt…”
“…which of the given options undermines the argument

3. Bold Faced Statements

Some statements of the given passage are boldfaced and questions are asked about their structure.

“….. what is the role played by the two bold faced portions…”
“…which of the following describes the role played by the bolded portion…”

4. Inference Based Questions

The questions around inference are generally asked in either of the following ways.
“…which of the following can most properly be drawn from the information…”
“…which of the following can logically be expected to…”
If the statements above are true, which of the following must be true
If the facts stated in the passage above are true, then…”
“Which of the following conclusions is best supported by the passage?”
“The statements, if true, best support which of the following as a conclusion?”
“which of the following, if it occurred, would constitute X described above?”
“…the statements above, if true, best support which of the following assertions?”
“The considerations given best serve as part of an argument that …”

5. Evaluation Based Questions

The question is asked in following ways. 

“The answer to which of the following would be most useful for evaluating the reasoning provided?”
“For which of the following would it be most useful to establish in evaluating the argument”
“…which of the following must be studied in order to evaluate the argument”
“For purposes of evaluating the argument, it would be most useful to establish which of the following?”
“…which of the following would be most useful to know in determining whether…”
“…which of the following would be most important to determine in order to evaluate the argument?”

6. Assumption Based Questions

“The given argument depends on which of the following options”
“Conclusion can best be drawn with the help of which of the following…”
“..argument relies on which of the following assumptions..”
“which of the following is required for X to occur”
“…an assumption that supports drawing the above conclusion”
“assumption made in drawing the conclusion above”
“…argument must be true assuming that ____”
“conclusion is properly drawn if which of the following is assumed”

7. Helps Explain Questions

“…which of the following most helps explain…”
“… which of the following does the most to help explain…”
“… which of the given options best accounts for…”
“… which of the following is least helpful in explaining…”

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